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Gimana cara menuliskan Simple Past Tense ?

Posted in Bahasa Inggris Itu Menyenangkan by branata on Agustus 3, 2009

 

Bagaimana cara menuliskan Simple Past Tense?

Untuk menuliskan simple past tense dengan cara berikut :

  • subject + past form only
    atau
  • subject + auxiliary did + base form

 

Mari kita perhatikan contoh penggunaan kedua-nya untuk irregular verbs dan regular verbs:

 

V1
base

V2
past

V3
past participle

 

regular verb

work
explode
like

worked
exploded
liked

worked
exploded
liked

The past form for all regular verbs ends in -ed.

irregular verb

go
see
sing

went
saw
sang

gone
seen
sung

The past form for irregular verbs is variable. You need to learn it by heart.

You do not need the past participle form to make the simple past tense. It is shown here for completeness only.

 

 

 

Untuk kalimat positif :

subject

+

main verb

 

 

past

 

Untuk kalimat negatif :

subject

+

auxiliary verb

+

not

+

main verb

 

 

did

     

base

 

Untuk kalimat pertanyaan :

auxiliary verb

+

subject

+

main verb

did

 

 

 

base

 

 

Lalu bagaimana dengan did ?

auxiliary did digunakan :

  • pada kalimat negatif atau kalimat pertanyaan
  • pada penggunaan did, akan diikuti main verb bentuk pertama

 

Contoh, ya :

 

subject

auxiliary verb

 

main verb

 

+

I

 

 

went

to school.

You

 

 

worked

very hard.

She

did

not

go

with me.

We

did

not

work

yesterday.

?

Did

you

 

go

to London?

Did

they

 

work

at home?

 

Dicatat, ya

  1. Untuk to be was, dituliskan berbeda yaitu  I was, You were, he/she/it was, we were, they were
  2. kita tidak menggunakan auxiliary untuk kalimat negatif dan kalimat pertanyaan. Sebagai gantinya, kita menukar letak subject dengan verbnya

 

Contoh lagi :

 

 

subject

main verb

 

 

+

I, he/she/it

was

 

here.

You, we, they

were

 

in London.

I, he/she/it

was

not

there.

You, we, they

were

not

happy.

?

Was

I, he/she/it

 

right?

Were

you, we, they

 

late?

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